Intro : - Linux, Debian based (mine: Lenny), hostname : pegasus, act as the Solaris jumpstart server. - Solaris, Solaris 10, hostname: solclient, will be the machine to be installed. - IP addresses range 192.168.10.x (class C), make sure you use standard network class IP, this is where the standard broadcast address ( comes into play during arp broadcast. - solclient will broadcast arp request, replied by pegasus's rarpd, and then and IP address will be assigned. solclient will then download the minimum kernel using tftp. The kernel file name will be the ip address of the solclient. For example, if the assigned IP is, and then the kernel name will be C0A80A05. Another way is to use this command:

elinpra@pegasus > printf "XXXXn" 192 168 10 5

This file should be stored inside the root directory of tftp. Check the tftp setting on /etc/inetd.conf. Here is mine:

elinpra@pegasus > cat /etc/inetd.conf
tftp dgram udp4 wait nobody /usr/sbin/tcpd /usr/sbin/in.tftpd /srv/tftp/

Then, the file C0A80A05 should be put in /srv/tftp.

Steps :

1. Install bootparamd, rarpd, tftpd and nfs-kernel-server in Linux server (pegasus)

root@pegasus > apt-get install bootparamd rarpd tftpd nfs-kernel-server

2. Run iptables -F, make sure no firewall in Linux server

root@pegasus > iptables -F

3. Check the mac address of the solaris client. Try boot from {ok}, see the mac address during booting (if the system is currently up, go to init 0 mode) :

ok boot net

Resetting ...
LOM event: 56d 21h39m43s host reset

Sun Fire V120 (UltraSPARC-IIe 648MHz), No Keyboard
OpenBoot 4.0, 1024 MB memory installed, Serial #61911409.
Ethernet address 0:3:ba:b0:b1:71, Host ID: 83b0b171.

Back to lom> or sc> using 'break' command.

4. Set /etc/ethers and /etc/hosts in Linux server with the mac address and hostname of the solaris client.

elinpra@pegasus > echo "0:3:ba:b0:b1:71 solclient" >> /etc/ethers
elinpra@pegasus > echo " solclient" >> /etc/hosts

5. Start the rarpd if has not started yet.( I’m using debian based linux here )

root@pegasus > /etc/init.d/rarpd start

6. If you're installing using Solaris iso file, mount the iso file to a directory using the following command, otherwise if using Solaris CD/DVD, directly go to step 8:

root@pegasus > mkdir -p /mnt/sol10
root@pegasus > mount -o loop solaris_iso_file.iso /mnt/sol10
root@pegasus > cd /mnt/sol10

7. If you have the Solaris 10 CD, insert it on pegasus, do the following steps :

root@pegasus > cd /mnt/cdrom/ (to your solaris cdrom directory)

8. Find the suitable kernel for your machine type. Mine is SunFire v120, so it will be sun4u type. If your hardware is T5220, T2000 etc then you need sun4v kernel. Locate the kernel on directory Solaris_10/Tools/Boot/platform/sun4u/inetboot for sun4u, or Solaris_10/Tools/Boot/platform/sun4v/inetboot for sun4v. Copy it to /srv/tftp and make symbolic link to that file into C0A80A05.

root@pegasus > cp inetboot /srv/tftp
root@pegasus > ln -s /srv/tftp/inetboot /srv/tftp/C0A80A05

9. Start tftpd daemon in pegasus :

root@pegasus > /etc/init.d/openbsd-inetd restart

10. start nfs service in pegasus :

root@pegasus > /etc/init.d/nfs-kernel-server start

11. Prepare nfs mount so that solclient later on can download the entire installation package using nfs mount. Set the mount root into where the cdrom or iso files are mounted. Make sure that the nfs mount root from solclient is /sol10.

root@pegasus > exportfs *:/mnt/cdrom -o fsid=0,ro,no_root_squash,crossmnt,no_subtree_check,sync exportfs *:/mnt -o fsid=0,ro,no_root_squash,crossmnt,no_subtree_check,sync 

Check if the nfs shares can be mounted correctly.

root@pegasus > mount -t nfs4 pegasus:/sol10 /tmp/somewhere

Verify in your mount list:

root@pegasus > df -kh 

Go to /tmp/somewhere, and make sure there’s a directory called sol10/, if not, then the nfs root stil wrong.

13. Configure bootparams in /etc/bootparams, fill in this entry:

solclient root=pegasus:/sol10/Solaris_10/Tools/Boot install=pegasus:/sol10/ boottype=:in 

14. You might want to see what's happen in your pegasus using tcpdump:

root@pegasus > tcpdump -i eth0 
tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode 
listening on eth0, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 96 bytes 
10:35:16.385289 arp who-has osol1 (Broadcast) tell osol1 
10:35:16.786701 IP pegasus > OSPF-ALL.MCAST.NET: OSPFv2, Hello, length: 44
10:35:17.904404 IP solclient.syslog > [|syslog] 
10:35:18.666258 IP osol2.58847 > 57879+ TXT? _nfsv4idmapdomain. (35) 
10:35:18.692884 IP > osol2.58847: 57879 ServFail 0/0/0 (35) 
10:35:18.693883 IP osol2.58848 > 57879+ TXT? _nfsv4idmapdomain. (35) 
10:35:18.944002 IP > osol2.58848: 57879 ServFail 0/0/0 (35) 
10:35:18.945066 IP osol2.58849 > 57879+ TXT? _nfsv4idmapdomain. (35) 
10:35:19.349904 IP > osol2.58849: 57879 ServFail 0/0/0 (35) 
10:35:19.350799 IP osol2.58850 > 57879+ TXT? _nfsv4idmapdomain. (35) 
10:35:19.391665 IP > osol2.58850: 57879 ServFail 0/0/0 (35) 
10:35:19.426161 IP osol2.58851 > 57879+ TXT? _nfsv4idmapdomain. (35) 
10:35:19.713817 IP > osol2.58851: 57879 ServFail 0/0/0 (35) 
10:35:19.714855 IP osol2.58852 > 57879+ TXT? _nfsv4idmapdomain. (35) 
10:35:20.057720 IP solclient.syslog > [|syslog] 
10:35:20.125082 IP > osol2.58852: 57879 ServFail 0/0/0 (35) 
10:35:21.870552 IP solclient.syslog > [|syslog] 
10:45:43.677010 IP solclient.afpovertcp > pegasus.nfs: . ack 39685605 win 47784 
10:45:43.677183 IP solclient.afpovertcp > pegasus.nfs: . ack 39688501 win 44888 
10:45:43.677350 IP solclient.afpovertcp > pegasus.nfs: . ack 39691397 win 41992 

15. Boot your solclient from ok prompt:

ok boot net -v - install 
Boot device: /pci@1f,0/pci@1,1/network@c,1 File and args: -v - install 
3a000 Using RARP/BOOTPARAMS... 
Internet address is: 
Bootparam response received 
hostname: solclient 
domainname: (none) 
Found @ 8:0:20:eb:52:e0 
root server: jumpstart ( 
root directory: /sol10/Solaris_10/Tools/Boot 
module /platform/sun4u/kernel/sparcv9/unix: text at [0x1000000, 0x10a096d] data 
module /platform/sun4u/kernel/sparcv9/genunix: text at [0x10a0970, 0x12615bf] da 
module /platform/SUNW,UltraAX-i2/kernel/misc/sparcv9/platmod: text at [0x12615c0 
module /platform/sun4u/kernel/cpu/sparcv9/SUNW,UltraSPARC-IIe: text at [0x126184 
SunOS Release 5.10 Version Generic_139555-08 64-bit 
Copyright 1983-2009 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved. 
Use is subject to license terms. 
Ethernet address = 0:3:ba:b0:b1:71 
Using default device instance data 
mem = 1048576K (0x40000000) 
avail mem = 845930496 
root nexus = Sun Fire V120 (UltraSPARC-IIe 648MHz) 
pseudo0 at root 
pseudo0 is /pseudo 
scsi_vhci0 at root 
scsi_vhci0 is /scsi_vhci 
ramdisk0 at root 
ramdisk0 is /ramdisk-root 
root on /ramdisk-root:a fstype ufs 
pcipsy0 at root: UPA 0x1f 0x0 
pcipsy0 is /pci@1f,0 
PCI-device: pci@1,1, simba0 
simba0 is /pci@1f,0/pci@1,1 
PCI-device: isa@7, ebus1 
ebus1 is /pci@1f,0/pci@1,1/isa@7 
pseudo-device: dld0 
dld0 is /pseudo/dld@0 
SUNW,eri0 : Local Ethernet address = 0:3:ba:b0:b1:71PCI-device: network@c,1, eri
eri0 is /pci@1f,0/pci@1,1/network@c,1 
SUNW,eri1 : Local Ethernet address = 0:3:ba:b0:b1:72SUNW,eri1 : Using local MAC 
eri1 is /pci@1f,0/pci@1,1/network@5,1 
su0 at ebus1: offset 0,3f8 
su0 is /pci@1f,0/pci@1,1/isa@7/serial@0,3f8 
PCI-device: usb@c,3, ohci0 
ohci0 is /pci@1f,0/pci@1,1/usb@c,3 
PCI-device: usb@5,3, ohci1 
ohci1 is /pci@1f,0/pci@1,1/usb@5,3 
cpu0: UltraSPARC-IIe (portid 0 impl 0x13 ver 0x33 clock 648 MHz) 
iscsi0 at root 
iscsi0 is /iscsi 
SUNW,eri0 : 100 Mbps full duplex link up 
pseudo-device: zfs0 
zfs0 is /pseudo/zfs@0 
Configuring devices. 
pseudo-device: devinfo0 
devinfo0 is /pseudo/devinfo@0 
PCI-device: pci@1, simba1 
simba1 is /pci@1f,0/pci@1 
pseudo-device: pseudo1 
pseudo1 is /pseudo/zconsnex@1 
PCI-device: ebus@c, ebus0 
ebus0 is /pci@1f,0/pci@1,1/ebus@c 
PCI-device: pmu@3, pmubus0 
/pci@1f,0/pci@1/scsi@8 (glm0): 
glm0 supports power management. 
/pci@1f,0/pci@1/scsi@8 (glm0): 
Rev. 7 Symbios 53c896 found. 
PCI-device: scsi@8, glm0 
glm0 is /pci@1f,0/pci@1/scsi@8 
/pci@1f,0/pci@1/scsi@8,1 (glm1): 
glm1 supports power management. 
/pci@1f,0/pci@1/scsi@8,1 (glm1): 
Rev. 7 Symbios 53c896 found. 
PCI-device: scsi@8,1, glm1 
glm1 is /pci@1f,0/pci@1/scsi@8,1 
power0 at ebus1: offset 0,800 
power0 is /pci@1f,0/pci@1,1/isa@7/power@0,800 
su1 at ebus1: offset 0,2e8 
su1 is /pci@1f,0/pci@1,1/isa@7/serial@0,2e8 
pseudo-device: fssnap0 
fssnap0 is /pseudo/fssnap@0 
pseudo-device: ramdisk1024 
ramdisk1024 is /pseudo/ramdisk@1024 
pseudo-device: winlock0 
winlock0 is /pseudo/winlock@0 
pseudo-device: llc10 
llc10 is /pseudo/llc1@0 
pseudo-device: lofi0 
lofi0 is /pseudo/lofi@0 
sd3 at glm0: target 0 lun 0 
sd3 is /pci@1f,0/pci@1/scsi@8/sd@0,0 
pseudo-device: fcp0 
fcp0 is /pseudo/fcp@0 
pseudo-device: fcsm0 
fcsm0 is /pseudo/fcsm@0 
pseudo-device: trapstat0 
trapstat0 is /pseudo/trapstat@0 
pseudo-device: pool0 
pool0 is /pseudo/pool@0 
pseudo-device: mem_cache0 
mem_cache0 is /pseudo/mem_cache@0 
pseudo-device: fcode0 
fcode0 is /pseudo/fcode@0 
sd0 at glm0: target 1 lun 0 
sd0 is /pci@1f,0/pci@1/scsi@8/sd@1,0 
Using RPC Bootparams for network configuration information. 
Attempting to configure interface eri1... 
Skipped interface eri1 
Attempting to configure interface eri0... 
Configured interface eri0 
Reading ZFS config: done. 
Setting up Java. Please wait... 
Serial console, reverting to text install 
Beginning system identification... 
Searching for configuration file(s)... 
Search complete. 
Discovering additional network configuration... 

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